Tools for Law Enforcement and Prosecution

Law enforcement must protect children from online exploitation while complying with human rights standards. The International Covenant of Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) provides guidelines on how to achieve this balance. Unfortunately, few agencies instruct their officers on ICCPR guidelines, leading to poor human rights training. This article explores ICCPR standards and how countries might adopt them when […]

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Financially Driven Online Child Sextortion

Modern criminals have evolved by using technology to exploit vulnerable individuals. A particularly concerning example is “sextortion,” a combination of “sex” and “extortion,” of children. U.S. lawmakers have failed to combat this problem head-on, relying instead on legislation that targets adjacent issues. Predators may commit online child sextortion for financial gain. This article explores U.S. federal inadequacy in addressing […]

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How the Dark Web Hides Child Sexual Abuse Material

The dark net is an encrypted, anonymity-focused part of the internet that designers built to thwart tracking. U.S. authorities have identified the dark web as a collection of hyperlinked services on the dark net only accessible through specialized technologies. Internet browsers use the dark web’s online identity protection for purposes that range from anti-authoritarian regime reforms […]

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The Online Exploitation of Children

Online child sexual exploitation (OCSE) is a growing problem facing modern lawmakers. The internet’s expanding reach helps offenders find and exploit victims, challenging international minor protection efforts. OCSE cases, such as online child pornography, can be considered manifestations of online child sex trafficking as they have the ultimate goal of exploiting a child, and understanding both is […]

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